© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015. The use of sweet lupins as a new food is resulting in an increasing number of cases of allergy reactions, particularly in atopic patients with other pre-existing legume allergies. We performed an extensive in silico analysis of seed β-conglutins, a new family of major allergen proteins in lupin, and a comparison to other relevant food allergens such as Ara h 1. We analyzed surface residues involved in conformational epitopes, lineal B- and T-cell epitopes variability, and changes in 2-D structural elements and 3D motives, with the aim to investigate IgE-mediated cross-reactivity among lupin, peanut, and other different legumes. Our results revealed that considerable structural differences exist, particularly affecting 2-D elements (loops and coils), and numerous micro-heterogeneities are present in fundamental residues directly involved in epitopes variability. Variability of residues involved in IgE-binding epitopes might be a major contributor to the observed differences in cross-reactivity among legumes.
|Name||Lecture Notes in Computer Science |
|Name||Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics|
|Conference||3rd International Work-Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering|
|Abbreviated title||IWBBIO 2015|
|Period||15/04/15 → 17/04/15|