Lung function, airway inflammation, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exposure in mexican schoolchildren: A pilot study

A. Barraza-Villarreal, M.C. Escamilla-Núñez, A. Schilmann, L. Hernández-Cadena, Z. Li, L.C. Romanoff, A. Sjödin, B.E.D.R. Del Río-Navarro, D. Díaz-Sánchez, F.M. Díaz-Barriga, Peter Sly, I. Romieu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the association of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with lung function and pH of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) in Mexican schoolchildren. Methods: A pilot study was performed in a subsample of 64 schoolchildren from Mexico City. Lung function and pH of EBC were measured and metabolites of PAHs in urine samples were determined. The association was analyzed using robust regression models. Results: A 10% increase in the concentrations of 2-hydroxyfluorene was significantly negatively associated with forced expiratory volume in 1 second (-11.2 mL, 95% CI:-22.2 to-0.02), forced vital capacity (-11.6 mL, 95% CI:-22.9 to-0.2), and pH of EBC (-0.035, 95% CI:-0.066 to-0.005). CONCLUSION: Biomarkers of PAHs exposure were inversely associated with lung function and decrease of ph of EBC as a marker of airway inflammation in Mexican schoolchildren. © 2014 by American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-419
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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