LPS binding protein and activation signatures are upregulated during asthma exacerbations in children

Anya C. Jones, Jonatan Leffler, Ingrid A. Laing, Joelene Bizzintino, Siew Kim Khoo, Peter N. LeSouef, Peter D. Sly, Patrick G. Holt, Deborah H. Strickland, Anthony Bosco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Asthma exacerbations in children are associated with respiratory viral infection and atopy, resulting in systemic immune activation and infiltration of immune cells into the airways. The gene networks driving the immune activation and subsequent migration of immune cells into the airways remains incompletely understood. Cellular and molecular profiling of PBMC was employed on paired samples obtained from atopic asthmatic children (n = 19) during acute virus-associated exacerbations and later during convalescence. Systems level analyses were employed to identify coexpression networks and infer the drivers of these networks, and validation was subsequently obtained via independent samples from asthmatic children. During exacerbations, PBMC exhibited significant changes in immune cell abundance and upregulation of complex interlinked networks of coexpressed genes. These were associated with priming of innate immunity, inflammatory and remodelling functions. We identified activation signatures downstream of bacterial LPS, glucocorticoids and TGFB1. We also confirmed that LPS binding protein was upregulated at the protein-level in plasma. Multiple gene networks known to be involved positively or negatively in asthma pathogenesis, are upregulated in circulating PBMC during acute exacerbations, supporting the hypothesis that systemic pre-programming of potentially pathogenic as well as protective functions of circulating immune cells preceeds migration into the airways. Enhanced sensitivity to LPS is likely to modulate the severity of acute asthma exacerbations through exposure to environmental LPS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number184
Pages (from-to)184
Number of pages1
JournalRespiratory Research
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

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