We study some aspects of low-energy effective actions in 4d superconformal gauge theories on the Coulomb branch. We describe superconformal invariants constructed in terms of the script N sign=2 Abelian vector multiplet which play the role of building blocks for the script N sign=2, 4 low-energy effective actions. We compute the one-loop effective actions in a constant script N sign=2 field strength background in script N sign=4 SYM theory and in script N sign=2 SU(2) SYM theory with four hypermultiplets in the fundamental representation. Using a classification of superconformal invariants, we then find the manifestly script N sign=2. superconformal form of these effective actions. While our explicit computations are done in the one-loop approximation, our conclusions about the structure of the effective actions in script N sign=2 superconformal theories are general. We comment on some relations to supergravity-gauge theory duality in the description of D-brane interactions.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Aug 2000|