Longitudinal trajectory of quality of life for patients with melanoma brain metastases: A secondary analysis from a whole brain radiotherapy randomized clinical trial

Iris Bartula, Anh D. Tran, Anna K. Nowak, Tasnia Ahmed, Rachael L. Morton, Bryan H. Burmeister, Kari Dolven-Jacobsen, Jenny Nobes, John F. Thompson, Gerald B. Fogarty, Serigne N. Lo, Angela M. Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Brain metastases are common in patients with advanced melanoma. This study describes 12-month quality of life (QoL) trajectories following local management of 1–3 melanoma brain metastases. Methods: This study assessed QoL data collected during a multi-center, prospective, open-label, phase III randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of adjuvant whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) with observation after local treatment of 1–3 melanoma brain metastases. Patients completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core (QLQ-C30) and Brain Tumour (BN-20) questionnaires at baseline and every 2 months, for 12 months. Using growth mixture modelling, QoL trajectories were identified for global health status, QLQ-C30 and BN-20 subscales for patients with baseline and at least one follow-up assessment. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations between trajectories, demographic, and clinical factors. Results: After combining QoL data from observation and WBRT arms, QLQ-C30 and BN-20 trajectories were calculated for 139 and 137 patients respectively. Depending on the QoL domain, 9–54 % of patients reported a deterioration in QoL. Older age (≥65 years) was significantly associated with deterioration in global health status (OR = 2.88, 95 %CI = 1.27–6.54), physical (OR = 3.49, 95 %CI = 1.29–9.41), role (OR = 4.15, 95 %CI = 1.77–9.71), social (OR = 4.42, 95 % CI = 1.57–12.46), cognitive (OR = 6.70, 95 % CI = 1.93–23.29) and motor functioning (OR = 4.95, 95 %CI = 1.95–12.61) and increased future uncertainty (OR = 0.20, 95 %CI = 0.07–0.53). Female sex (OR = 0.10, 95 %CI = 0.02–0.41), not having neurosurgery at baseline (OR = 0.09, 95 %CI = 0.02–0.52), 2–3 brain metastases (OR = 5.75, 95 %CI = 1.76–18.85) or receiving adjuvant WBRT (OR = 6.77, 95 %CI = 2.00–22.99) were associated with poorer physical, emotional, cognitive and social outcomes respectively. Conclusions: Poorer QoL outcomes in the first 12 months after diagnosis of melanoma brain metastases were observed in patients aged ≥ 65 years, females, having 2–3 brain metastases, non-surgical treatment of metastases or adjuvant WBRT. Clinical Trial Registration Number: Whole Brain Radiotherapy Trial (WBRTMel) was registered with the Australian Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN12607000512426) and ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01503827). Study Support: This project was funded by Cancer Australia PdCCRS (Grants No. 512358, 1009485, and 1084046) and the National Helath and Medical Research Coucil of Australia (NHMRC; Grant No. 1135285). ADT was supported by a Cancer Australia Priority-driven Collaborative Cancer Research Scheme. Project #1046923. RLM was supported by an NHMRC Fellowship #1194703 and a University of Sydney, Robinson Fellowship. JFT was supported by an NHMRC Program Grant #1093017.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100597
JournalClinical and translational radiation oncology
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2023


Dive into the research topics of 'Longitudinal trajectory of quality of life for patients with melanoma brain metastases: A secondary analysis from a whole brain radiotherapy randomized clinical trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this