Objective: To measure long-term survival following combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy for inoperable non-small cell lung cancer.Design and setting: Two prospective Phase I/II studies in the multidisciplinary Lung Service of a dedicated cancer hospital in Victoria, commencing in 1996 and 1997-1998.Patients: 33 patients referred for treatment of histologically or cytologically proven inoperable non-small cell lung cancer, who had no evidence of distant metastases, Karnofsky performance status > 70%, weight loss < 10%, and no prior treatment for lung cancer. Patients were followed until death or for a minimum of 9 years.Interventions: Patients in both studies were treated concomitantly with chemotherapy and radiotherapy 60 Gy in 30 fractions over 6 weeks. Chemotherapy in the first study (LURTCE) consisted of cisplatin and etoposide; in the second study (LURTCF), chemotherapy consisted of escalating doses of carboplatin and fluorouracil.Main outcome measure: Overall survival.Results: Six of 33 patients were still alive 9 years after commencement of treatment. Median survival for the whole group was 2.1 years (95% CI, 1.3-3.1 years), with 18% (95% CI, 8%-35%) of patients still alive at 5 years (plateau). Conclusion: Long-term survival can be achieved in some patients with inoperable non-small cell lung cancer treated by radical chemoradiation alone, suggesting the possibility of cure.
|Journal||Medical Journal of Australia|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|