Long-Term Disability After First-Ever Stroke and Related Prognostic Factors in the Perth Community stroke Study, 1989-1990

Graeme Hankey, K. Jamrozik, K. Jamrozik, Robyn Broadhurst, R.J. Broadhurst, S. Forbes, S. Forbes, C.S. Anderson

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275 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Purpose-Few reliable estimates of the long-term functional outcome after stroke are available. This population-based study aimed to describe disability, dependency, and related independent prognostic factors at 5 years after,a first-ever stroke in patients in Perth, Western Australia.Methods-All individuals with a suspected acute stroke who were resident in a geographically defined region (population, 138 708) of Perth, Western Australia, were registered prospectively and assessed according to standardized diagnostic criteria over a period of 18 months in 1989 to 1990. Patients were followed up prospectively at 4 and 12 months and 5 years after the index event.Results-There were 370 cases of first-ever stroke, and 277 patients survived to 30 days. Of these early survivors, 152 (55%) were alive at 5 years, and among those who were neither institutionalized (n=146) nor disabled (n=129) at the time of their stroke, 21 (14%) were institutionalized in a nursing home, and 47 (36%) were disabled. The most important predictors of death or disability at 5 years were increasing age, baseline disability defined by a Barthel Index score of
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1034-1040
JournalStroke
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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