Living on the edge: Household vulnerability to food-insecurity in the Punjab, Pakistan

Muhammad Azeem, Amin Mugera, Steven Schilizzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


© 2016 Elsevier LtdThis study investigates the prevalence, sources and distribution of household vulnerability to food-insecurity in the Punjab, Pakistan. Applying a multilevel model on a large dataset of about 90,000 households, we find that the share of households at risk of becoming food-insecure (vulnerability) is higher than the share that is current food-insecure. Households in rural areas are least vulnerable. In contrast, residents of cities and urban areas experience high level of vulnerability that exceeds the average in the Punjab. The risk-induced vulnerability is higher than the structural-induced vulnerability and vulnerability to idiosyncratic shock is higher than vulnerability to covariate shocks. Findings imply that households in the Punjab are vulnerable not as a result of poor resource endowments but because of risk. The Pakistani government should go beyond mere observed food-insecurity to address the needs of the relatively larger population that is at risk of being food-insecure in the future.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalFood Policy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


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