Lipoprotein(a) as predictor of coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction in a multi-ethnic Asian population

Wann Jia Loh, Xuling Chang, Tar Choon Aw, Soon Kieng Phua, Adrian F. Low, Mark Yan Yee Chan, Gerald F. Watts, Chew Kiat Heng

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims: The role of Lp(a) in multi-ethnic Asian populations with coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been well established. The aims of this study were (i) to investigate whether Lp(a) is a predictor of CAD, and (ii) amongst patients with CAD, to ascertain whether Lp(a) is a predictor of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and severity of CAD. Methods: We compared three cardiovascular phenotypes from patients recruited at coronary angiography. CAD was defined as ≥50% coronary artery stenosis and subdivided into a group with AMI history (CAD+AMI+) and a group without (CAD+AMI-). Minimal CAD group (CAD-) was defined as normal or <30% coronary artery stenosis and no AMI. The severity of CAD was defined using the modified Gensini score. Results: We studied 2025 patients comprising 94.5% men and 61.4% of Chinese ethnicity. The median Lp(a) level was highest in CAD+AMI+, followed by CAD+AMI- and CAD- (26.2, 20.1, and 15.8 nmol/L respectively). Similarly, the frequency of patients with Lp(a) ≥120 nmol/L were in the same order (11.8%, 9.1% and 2.4%). Lp(a) levels were highest among Asian Indians, followed by Malays and Chinese patients (p < 0.001). Lp(a) levels and Lp(a) ≥120 nmol/L were significant predictors of CAD (Odds ratio (OR) = 1.12 per 10 nmol/L increment, p < 0.001, and OR = 5.41 p = 0.004 respectively). Among patients with CAD, higher Lp(a) levels were associated with increased AMI risk (OR = 1.02 per 10 nmol/L increment, p = 0.024). Lp(a) ≥120 nmol/L was positively associated with CAD severity (p = 0.020). Conclusions: Plasma Lp(a) concentration is a positive predictor of CAD and AMI in a mostly male South East Asian population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-165
Number of pages6
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume349
Early online date26 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

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