Lipoprotein(a) and apolipoprotein(a) isoform size: Associations with angiographic extent and severity of coronary artery disease, and carotid artery plaque

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Abstract

Background and aims: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is an emerging genetic risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We examined whether plasma Lp(a) concentration and apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)] isoform size are associated with extent and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD), and the presence of carotid artery plaque. Methods: We included in our study male participants (n = 263) from a cohort with angiographically defined premature CAD (Carotid Ultrasound in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease). The angiographic extent and severity of CAD were determined by the modified Gensini and Coronary Artery Stenosis≥20% (CAGE) scores. Carotid artery plaque was assessed by bilateral carotid B-mode ultrasound. Apo(a) isoform size was determined by LPA Kringle IV-2 copy number (KIV-2 CN). Results: Lp(a) concentration, but not KIV-2 CN, was positively associated with the Gensini score. The association remained significant following adjustment for conventional CVD risk factors (all p < 0.05). Lp(a) concentration and elevated Lp(a) [≥50 mg/dL] were positively associated with the CAGE≥20 score, independent of conventional CVD risk factors. KIV-2 C N Q1 (lowest KIV-2 CN quartile) was associated with CAGE≥20 score and KIV-2 CN, with the CAGE≥20 score in those without diabetes. In multivariate models that included phenotypic familial hypercholesterolemia or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Lp(a) concentration, but not KIV-2 CN, was independently associated with the Gensini and CAGE≥20 scores. No significant associations between Lp(a) concentration and KIV-2 CN with carotid artery plaque were observed. Conclusions: Lp(a) concentration, but not apo(a) isoform size, is independently associated with angiographic extent and severity of CAD. Neither Lp(a) nor apo(a) isoform size is associated with carotid artery plaque.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-238
Number of pages7
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume275
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

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