Lipoprotein (a) and diabetes mellitus: causes and consequences

Natalie C. Ward, Shayimeera Vickneswaran, Gerald F. Watts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an update on the role of lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] in diabetes, including its impact as a risk factor as well as its contribution to the development of cardiovascular disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Although a specific role for Lp(a) has not yet been conclusively established, it appears to have an inverse association with risk of diabetes. Several population-based studies have demonstrated associations between low levels of Lp(a) and increased risk of type 2 diabetes, but Mendelian randomization studies do not consistently support causality. Conversely, in patients with type 2 diabetes, elevated Lp(a) levels are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. SUMMARY: Although Lp(a) contributes to the development of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes, few trials have investigated the benefits of reducing Lp(a) within this patient population. Furthermore, guidelines do not specifically address the risk associated with elevated Lp(a) levels. Despite this, Lp(a) should be measured in patients with diabetes and considered when evaluating their overall risk burden.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-187
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent opinion in endocrinology, diabetes, and obesity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021


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