PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent data on the role of dyslipidaemia and the benefit from managing this in people with disease of the abdominal aorta and its peripheral branches (peripheral artery disease, PAD). RECENT FINDINGS: Findings from the Further Cardiovascular Outcomes Research with Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) Inhibition in Subjects with Elevated Risk (FOURIER) trial demonstrate the benefit of intensely lowering low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-c) in people with PAD to substantially reduce the incidence of major cardiovascular events (MACE; myocardial infarction, stroke or cardiovascular death) and major adverse limb events (MALE). Despite the evidence of substantial benefits from lowering LDL-c, the uptake of drug therapies to lower LDL-c remains sub-optimal in people with PAD. SUMMARY: Effective methods to educate physicians and patients on best medical management are needed. Further research is needed to examine the benefit of LDL-c lowering and other lipid therapies for PAD-specific problems like abdominal aortic aneurysm progression and walking impairment. Other novel lipid therapies, such as those that lower lipoprotein (a), maybe particularly beneficial to people with PAD given the evidence indicating high concentrations in this population and the high incidence of MACE in these individuals.