Lipid and apolipoprotein B48 transport in mesenteric lymph and the effect on hyperphagia on chylomicron clearance in insulin deficient rats

Ian Martins, A.J. Sainsbury, John Mamo, Trevor Redgrave

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Abstract

In insulin-deficient streptozotocin-treated rats the intestine is hypertrophic and cholesterol synthesis and transport from the intestine are increased. The increased load of cholesterol is transported through the mesenteric lymph in chylomicrons. Clearance from plasma of injected chylomicrons is slowed in insulin-deficient rats, but the underlying mechanisms are currently unresolved. Hyperphagia may increase the size of chylomicrons which could contribute to defective chylomicron clearance in insulin-deficiency. In the present experiments we compared the size and number of chylomicrons in mesenteric lymph of control rats and diabetic rats infused with fat at two levels. In control and diabetic lymph-cannulated rats, as the infused dose of lipid increased the transport of triglyceride increased substantially compared with fasted rats. In contrast the transport of apoB48 increased by only a small amount during fat transport. Therefore, increased lipid transport was accomplished mostly by increased particle size, with only small increases in numbers of particles in intestinal lymph. Insulin-deficiency had no effect on triglyceride or apoB48 transport in lymph. Calculations suggested that each chylomicron particle contained a single molecule of apoB48. When hyperphagia in diabetic rats was prevented, the plasma triglycerides were decreased but the slow plasma clearance of injected chylomicron-like emulsions persisted. Hyperphagia, therefore, was unconnected to the impairment in chylomicron metabolism in insulin-deficient rats. Changes in the association with plasma apolipoproteins, in the expression of receptors for uptake of chylomicron remnants or in exposure to endothelial lipases may be responsible for the defective clearance of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-246
JournalDiabetologia
Volume37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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Apolipoprotein B-48
Chylomicrons
Hyperphagia
Lymph
Insulin
Lipids
Triglycerides
Intestines
Fats
Chylomicron Remnants
Cholesterol
Apolipoproteins
Streptozocin
Emulsions
Lipase
Particle Size
Lipoproteins

Cite this

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title = "Lipid and apolipoprotein B48 transport in mesenteric lymph and the effect on hyperphagia on chylomicron clearance in insulin deficient rats",
abstract = "In insulin-deficient streptozotocin-treated rats the intestine is hypertrophic and cholesterol synthesis and transport from the intestine are increased. The increased load of cholesterol is transported through the mesenteric lymph in chylomicrons. Clearance from plasma of injected chylomicrons is slowed in insulin-deficient rats, but the underlying mechanisms are currently unresolved. Hyperphagia may increase the size of chylomicrons which could contribute to defective chylomicron clearance in insulin-deficiency. In the present experiments we compared the size and number of chylomicrons in mesenteric lymph of control rats and diabetic rats infused with fat at two levels. In control and diabetic lymph-cannulated rats, as the infused dose of lipid increased the transport of triglyceride increased substantially compared with fasted rats. In contrast the transport of apoB48 increased by only a small amount during fat transport. Therefore, increased lipid transport was accomplished mostly by increased particle size, with only small increases in numbers of particles in intestinal lymph. Insulin-deficiency had no effect on triglyceride or apoB48 transport in lymph. Calculations suggested that each chylomicron particle contained a single molecule of apoB48. When hyperphagia in diabetic rats was prevented, the plasma triglycerides were decreased but the slow plasma clearance of injected chylomicron-like emulsions persisted. Hyperphagia, therefore, was unconnected to the impairment in chylomicron metabolism in insulin-deficient rats. Changes in the association with plasma apolipoproteins, in the expression of receptors for uptake of chylomicron remnants or in exposure to endothelial lipases may be responsible for the defective clearance of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins.",
author = "Ian Martins and A.J. Sainsbury and John Mamo and Trevor Redgrave",
year = "1994",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Lipid and apolipoprotein B48 transport in mesenteric lymph and the effect on hyperphagia on chylomicron clearance in insulin deficient rats

AU - Martins, Ian

AU - Sainsbury, A.J.

AU - Mamo, John

AU - Redgrave, Trevor

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - In insulin-deficient streptozotocin-treated rats the intestine is hypertrophic and cholesterol synthesis and transport from the intestine are increased. The increased load of cholesterol is transported through the mesenteric lymph in chylomicrons. Clearance from plasma of injected chylomicrons is slowed in insulin-deficient rats, but the underlying mechanisms are currently unresolved. Hyperphagia may increase the size of chylomicrons which could contribute to defective chylomicron clearance in insulin-deficiency. In the present experiments we compared the size and number of chylomicrons in mesenteric lymph of control rats and diabetic rats infused with fat at two levels. In control and diabetic lymph-cannulated rats, as the infused dose of lipid increased the transport of triglyceride increased substantially compared with fasted rats. In contrast the transport of apoB48 increased by only a small amount during fat transport. Therefore, increased lipid transport was accomplished mostly by increased particle size, with only small increases in numbers of particles in intestinal lymph. Insulin-deficiency had no effect on triglyceride or apoB48 transport in lymph. Calculations suggested that each chylomicron particle contained a single molecule of apoB48. When hyperphagia in diabetic rats was prevented, the plasma triglycerides were decreased but the slow plasma clearance of injected chylomicron-like emulsions persisted. Hyperphagia, therefore, was unconnected to the impairment in chylomicron metabolism in insulin-deficient rats. Changes in the association with plasma apolipoproteins, in the expression of receptors for uptake of chylomicron remnants or in exposure to endothelial lipases may be responsible for the defective clearance of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins.

AB - In insulin-deficient streptozotocin-treated rats the intestine is hypertrophic and cholesterol synthesis and transport from the intestine are increased. The increased load of cholesterol is transported through the mesenteric lymph in chylomicrons. Clearance from plasma of injected chylomicrons is slowed in insulin-deficient rats, but the underlying mechanisms are currently unresolved. Hyperphagia may increase the size of chylomicrons which could contribute to defective chylomicron clearance in insulin-deficiency. In the present experiments we compared the size and number of chylomicrons in mesenteric lymph of control rats and diabetic rats infused with fat at two levels. In control and diabetic lymph-cannulated rats, as the infused dose of lipid increased the transport of triglyceride increased substantially compared with fasted rats. In contrast the transport of apoB48 increased by only a small amount during fat transport. Therefore, increased lipid transport was accomplished mostly by increased particle size, with only small increases in numbers of particles in intestinal lymph. Insulin-deficiency had no effect on triglyceride or apoB48 transport in lymph. Calculations suggested that each chylomicron particle contained a single molecule of apoB48. When hyperphagia in diabetic rats was prevented, the plasma triglycerides were decreased but the slow plasma clearance of injected chylomicron-like emulsions persisted. Hyperphagia, therefore, was unconnected to the impairment in chylomicron metabolism in insulin-deficient rats. Changes in the association with plasma apolipoproteins, in the expression of receptors for uptake of chylomicron remnants or in exposure to endothelial lipases may be responsible for the defective clearance of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins.

U2 - 10.1007/BF00398049

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EP - 246

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JF - Diabetolgia

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