Linkages between aboveground and belowground community compositions in grasslands along a historical land-use intensity gradient

Safaa Wasof, An De Schrijver, Stephanie Schelfhout, Michael P. Perring, Elyn Remy, Jan Mertens, Eduardo de la Pena, Nancy De Sutter, Nicole Viaene, Kris Verheyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background and aimsImproving our understanding of ecosystem responses to land-use intensification requires explicit consideration of linkages between aboveground and belowground communities. Here, we explore linkages between plant, soil microbial and nematode community compositions along a historical land-use intensity (hLUI) gradient.MethodsWe used co-inertia analysis to investigate linkages between each paired community composition in 33 grasslands with similar hydrology and soil texture but contrasting hLUI and associated soil chemical properties (e.g. pH, phosphorus). We estimated the percentage cover of plant species, identified nematodes to genus level, and analysed the microbial community using phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) profiling.ResultsPlant and nematode communities were more strongly linked as compared to either community's links with microbes, although all pairwise comparisons were significant. Linkage strength did not depend on the degree of hLUI. We found significant variations in plant and nematode, but not in microbial, community compositions along the hLUI gradient.ConclusionsLarge changes in soil fertility associated with hLUI have led to shifts in vegetation community composition matched by changes in the composition of different soil communities, or vice versa. The nematode community seems to be more responsive to vegetation composition than other trophic groups. Additional research in an experimental setting will elucidate the mechanisms underpinning the observed relationships.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-304
Number of pages16
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume434
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Cite this

Wasof, Safaa ; De Schrijver, An ; Schelfhout, Stephanie ; Perring, Michael P. ; Remy, Elyn ; Mertens, Jan ; de la Pena, Eduardo ; De Sutter, Nancy ; Viaene, Nicole ; Verheyen, Kris. / Linkages between aboveground and belowground community compositions in grasslands along a historical land-use intensity gradient. In: Plant and Soil. 2019 ; Vol. 434, No. 1-2. pp. 289-304.
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title = "Linkages between aboveground and belowground community compositions in grasslands along a historical land-use intensity gradient",
abstract = "Background and aimsImproving our understanding of ecosystem responses to land-use intensification requires explicit consideration of linkages between aboveground and belowground communities. Here, we explore linkages between plant, soil microbial and nematode community compositions along a historical land-use intensity (hLUI) gradient.MethodsWe used co-inertia analysis to investigate linkages between each paired community composition in 33 grasslands with similar hydrology and soil texture but contrasting hLUI and associated soil chemical properties (e.g. pH, phosphorus). We estimated the percentage cover of plant species, identified nematodes to genus level, and analysed the microbial community using phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) profiling.ResultsPlant and nematode communities were more strongly linked as compared to either community's links with microbes, although all pairwise comparisons were significant. Linkage strength did not depend on the degree of hLUI. We found significant variations in plant and nematode, but not in microbial, community compositions along the hLUI gradient.ConclusionsLarge changes in soil fertility associated with hLUI have led to shifts in vegetation community composition matched by changes in the composition of different soil communities, or vice versa. The nematode community seems to be more responsive to vegetation composition than other trophic groups. Additional research in an experimental setting will elucidate the mechanisms underpinning the observed relationships.",
keywords = "Co-inertia, Microbes, Nematodes, pH, Phosphorus, Species-rich grasslands, SOIL BACTERIAL COMMUNITIES, SPECIES-RICH GRASSLAND, CO-INERTIA ANALYSIS, ARBUSCULAR-MYCORRHIZAL, PLANT-COMMUNITIES, ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION, MICROBIAL COMMUNITY, FUNGAL COMMUNITIES, BIOMASS RATIOS, WHITE CLOVER",
author = "Safaa Wasof and {De Schrijver}, An and Stephanie Schelfhout and Perring, {Michael P.} and Elyn Remy and Jan Mertens and {de la Pena}, Eduardo and {De Sutter}, Nancy and Nicole Viaene and Kris Verheyen",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.1007/s11104-018-3855-7",
language = "English",
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Wasof, S, De Schrijver, A, Schelfhout, S, Perring, MP, Remy, E, Mertens, J, de la Pena, E, De Sutter, N, Viaene, N & Verheyen, K 2019, 'Linkages between aboveground and belowground community compositions in grasslands along a historical land-use intensity gradient' Plant and Soil, vol. 434, no. 1-2, pp. 289-304. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-018-3855-7

Linkages between aboveground and belowground community compositions in grasslands along a historical land-use intensity gradient. / Wasof, Safaa; De Schrijver, An; Schelfhout, Stephanie; Perring, Michael P.; Remy, Elyn; Mertens, Jan; de la Pena, Eduardo; De Sutter, Nancy; Viaene, Nicole; Verheyen, Kris.

In: Plant and Soil, Vol. 434, No. 1-2, 01.2019, p. 289-304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Linkages between aboveground and belowground community compositions in grasslands along a historical land-use intensity gradient

AU - Wasof, Safaa

AU - De Schrijver, An

AU - Schelfhout, Stephanie

AU - Perring, Michael P.

AU - Remy, Elyn

AU - Mertens, Jan

AU - de la Pena, Eduardo

AU - De Sutter, Nancy

AU - Viaene, Nicole

AU - Verheyen, Kris

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - Background and aimsImproving our understanding of ecosystem responses to land-use intensification requires explicit consideration of linkages between aboveground and belowground communities. Here, we explore linkages between plant, soil microbial and nematode community compositions along a historical land-use intensity (hLUI) gradient.MethodsWe used co-inertia analysis to investigate linkages between each paired community composition in 33 grasslands with similar hydrology and soil texture but contrasting hLUI and associated soil chemical properties (e.g. pH, phosphorus). We estimated the percentage cover of plant species, identified nematodes to genus level, and analysed the microbial community using phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) profiling.ResultsPlant and nematode communities were more strongly linked as compared to either community's links with microbes, although all pairwise comparisons were significant. Linkage strength did not depend on the degree of hLUI. We found significant variations in plant and nematode, but not in microbial, community compositions along the hLUI gradient.ConclusionsLarge changes in soil fertility associated with hLUI have led to shifts in vegetation community composition matched by changes in the composition of different soil communities, or vice versa. The nematode community seems to be more responsive to vegetation composition than other trophic groups. Additional research in an experimental setting will elucidate the mechanisms underpinning the observed relationships.

AB - Background and aimsImproving our understanding of ecosystem responses to land-use intensification requires explicit consideration of linkages between aboveground and belowground communities. Here, we explore linkages between plant, soil microbial and nematode community compositions along a historical land-use intensity (hLUI) gradient.MethodsWe used co-inertia analysis to investigate linkages between each paired community composition in 33 grasslands with similar hydrology and soil texture but contrasting hLUI and associated soil chemical properties (e.g. pH, phosphorus). We estimated the percentage cover of plant species, identified nematodes to genus level, and analysed the microbial community using phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) profiling.ResultsPlant and nematode communities were more strongly linked as compared to either community's links with microbes, although all pairwise comparisons were significant. Linkage strength did not depend on the degree of hLUI. We found significant variations in plant and nematode, but not in microbial, community compositions along the hLUI gradient.ConclusionsLarge changes in soil fertility associated with hLUI have led to shifts in vegetation community composition matched by changes in the composition of different soil communities, or vice versa. The nematode community seems to be more responsive to vegetation composition than other trophic groups. Additional research in an experimental setting will elucidate the mechanisms underpinning the observed relationships.

KW - Co-inertia

KW - Microbes

KW - Nematodes

KW - pH

KW - Phosphorus

KW - Species-rich grasslands

KW - SOIL BACTERIAL COMMUNITIES

KW - SPECIES-RICH GRASSLAND

KW - CO-INERTIA ANALYSIS

KW - ARBUSCULAR-MYCORRHIZAL

KW - PLANT-COMMUNITIES

KW - ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION

KW - MICROBIAL COMMUNITY

KW - FUNGAL COMMUNITIES

KW - BIOMASS RATIOS

KW - WHITE CLOVER

U2 - 10.1007/s11104-018-3855-7

DO - 10.1007/s11104-018-3855-7

M3 - Article

VL - 434

SP - 289

EP - 304

JO - Plant and Soil: An International Journal on Plant-Soil Relationships

JF - Plant and Soil: An International Journal on Plant-Soil Relationships

SN - 0032-079X

IS - 1-2

ER -