Lesotho National Migration and Development Policy

Research output: Book/ReportOther output

Abstract

The case for developing policy that focuses on harnessing migration for
the development of Lesotho is not only grounded in international and
regional instruments and comparative experience, but has also been a
major theme in the Lesotho policy domain, and enjoys the support and
commitment of the Lesotho Government, as is reflected in a range of
key Lesotho policy documents, including Lesotho's National Vision
2020 and the National Strategic Development Plan 2012/13 – 2016/17.
The Lesotho National Migration and Development Policy stresses the
importance of aligning migration-related policy, legislative and
institutional interventions to achieve developmental outcomes with
international and regional standards and comparative benchmarks. It
also points to the need to designate a governmental institution which
would drive the implementation of the new policy on migration and
development, as well as strengthened and expanded consultative
structures, and to develop an effective data management system.
Building on the envisaged e-passport and e-border management
system, it is required to facilitate and strengthen the smooth movement
of regular migration and to combat irregular movement through
enhanced systems, improved controls, stakeholder collaboration and
cross-border cooperation. Policy frameworks need to be developed in
areas such as disaster management, skills development, the creation
of employment opportunities in Lesotho and in cross-border industrial,
cooperative and market zones to be established, and the retention of
the skilled labour force.
Migrant workers from Lesotho should be supported through dedicated
pre-departure and return interventions, and support services while they
work and reside in destination countries. Labour agreements with
destination countries have to be (re-)negotiated, so as to facilitate
cross-border movement, the collection and sharing of data, protection
and equal treatment with citizens of the host countries, and access to
5
benefits, including social security benefits (via formalised social
security agreements). Measures should be introduced to encourage
the participation of the Lesotho diaspora in the socio-economic
development of the country through an environment conducive for the
transfer of skills. Remittances could be harnessed for development
through the creation of effective and accessible remittance channels
and dedicated financial products/saving instruments. In order to ensure
the retention of critical skills, it is necessary to create a framework for
developing and retaining skills in critical areas of shortage, with the
support and involvement of the Lesotho diaspora and skilled
immigrants. Unique opportunities for the employment of surplus human
capacity of skills should be created, also via dedicated bilateral
agreements.
The Policy suggests measures to address the context and needs of
informal cross-border traders and enhance the developmental
outcomes of their economic activity. The health of migrants and their
dependants should be promoted through a Migration Health Policy
framework. Also, context- and gender-sensitive protection should be
extended to women who migrate or are affected by migration. There is
need to adopt a framework for managing irregular migration to facilitate
safe and regular migration and curb irregular migration, as well as
address the underlying reasons informing irregular migration, in
particular through interventions aimed at employment creation within
Lesotho and in cross-border initiatives, such as cross-border industrial,
cooperative and market zones. Furthermore, a dedicated policy
framework is required, which indicates group-specific and contextsensitive
responses in relation to various internal migration streams: (i)
rural-urban migration – including women who have migrated to urban
areas to take up employment in the garment industry; (ii) child mobility
within Lesotho and across borders; and (iii) households that
compulsorily have had to migrate as a result of major development
projects.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherIntra-ACP Migration Facility
Commissioning bodyAfrican, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
Number of pages138
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Lesotho
migration policy
development policy
migration
diaspora
system control
equal treatment
rural-urban migration
textile industry
internal migration
migrant worker
market
employment opportunity
health
social security
management
labor force
shortage
disaster
migrant

Cite this

Olivier, Marius Paul. / Lesotho National Migration and Development Policy. Intra-ACP Migration Facility, 2013. 138 p.
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title = "Lesotho National Migration and Development Policy",
abstract = "The case for developing policy that focuses on harnessing migration forthe development of Lesotho is not only grounded in international andregional instruments and comparative experience, but has also been amajor theme in the Lesotho policy domain, and enjoys the support andcommitment of the Lesotho Government, as is reflected in a range ofkey Lesotho policy documents, including Lesotho's National Vision2020 and the National Strategic Development Plan 2012/13 – 2016/17.The Lesotho National Migration and Development Policy stresses theimportance of aligning migration-related policy, legislative andinstitutional interventions to achieve developmental outcomes withinternational and regional standards and comparative benchmarks. Italso points to the need to designate a governmental institution whichwould drive the implementation of the new policy on migration anddevelopment, as well as strengthened and expanded consultativestructures, and to develop an effective data management system.Building on the envisaged e-passport and e-border managementsystem, it is required to facilitate and strengthen the smooth movementof regular migration and to combat irregular movement throughenhanced systems, improved controls, stakeholder collaboration andcross-border cooperation. Policy frameworks need to be developed inareas such as disaster management, skills development, the creationof employment opportunities in Lesotho and in cross-border industrial,cooperative and market zones to be established, and the retention ofthe skilled labour force.Migrant workers from Lesotho should be supported through dedicatedpre-departure and return interventions, and support services while theywork and reside in destination countries. Labour agreements withdestination countries have to be (re-)negotiated, so as to facilitatecross-border movement, the collection and sharing of data, protectionand equal treatment with citizens of the host countries, and access to 5benefits, including social security benefits (via formalised socialsecurity agreements). Measures should be introduced to encouragethe participation of the Lesotho diaspora in the socio-economicdevelopment of the country through an environment conducive for thetransfer of skills. Remittances could be harnessed for developmentthrough the creation of effective and accessible remittance channelsand dedicated financial products/saving instruments. In order to ensurethe retention of critical skills, it is necessary to create a framework fordeveloping and retaining skills in critical areas of shortage, with thesupport and involvement of the Lesotho diaspora and skilledimmigrants. Unique opportunities for the employment of surplus humancapacity of skills should be created, also via dedicated bilateralagreements.The Policy suggests measures to address the context and needs ofinformal cross-border traders and enhance the developmentaloutcomes of their economic activity. The health of migrants and theirdependants should be promoted through a Migration Health Policyframework. Also, context- and gender-sensitive protection should beextended to women who migrate or are affected by migration. There isneed to adopt a framework for managing irregular migration to facilitatesafe and regular migration and curb irregular migration, as well asaddress the underlying reasons informing irregular migration, inparticular through interventions aimed at employment creation withinLesotho and in cross-border initiatives, such as cross-border industrial,cooperative and market zones. Furthermore, a dedicated policyframework is required, which indicates group-specific and contextsensitiveresponses in relation to various internal migration streams: (i)rural-urban migration – including women who have migrated to urbanareas to take up employment in the garment industry; (ii) child mobilitywithin Lesotho and across borders; and (iii) households thatcompulsorily have had to migrate as a result of major developmentprojects.",
author = "Olivier, {Marius Paul}",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
publisher = "Intra-ACP Migration Facility",

}

Lesotho National Migration and Development Policy. / Olivier, Marius Paul.

Intra-ACP Migration Facility, 2013. 138 p.

Research output: Book/ReportOther output

TY - BOOK

T1 - Lesotho National Migration and Development Policy

AU - Olivier, Marius Paul

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The case for developing policy that focuses on harnessing migration forthe development of Lesotho is not only grounded in international andregional instruments and comparative experience, but has also been amajor theme in the Lesotho policy domain, and enjoys the support andcommitment of the Lesotho Government, as is reflected in a range ofkey Lesotho policy documents, including Lesotho's National Vision2020 and the National Strategic Development Plan 2012/13 – 2016/17.The Lesotho National Migration and Development Policy stresses theimportance of aligning migration-related policy, legislative andinstitutional interventions to achieve developmental outcomes withinternational and regional standards and comparative benchmarks. Italso points to the need to designate a governmental institution whichwould drive the implementation of the new policy on migration anddevelopment, as well as strengthened and expanded consultativestructures, and to develop an effective data management system.Building on the envisaged e-passport and e-border managementsystem, it is required to facilitate and strengthen the smooth movementof regular migration and to combat irregular movement throughenhanced systems, improved controls, stakeholder collaboration andcross-border cooperation. Policy frameworks need to be developed inareas such as disaster management, skills development, the creationof employment opportunities in Lesotho and in cross-border industrial,cooperative and market zones to be established, and the retention ofthe skilled labour force.Migrant workers from Lesotho should be supported through dedicatedpre-departure and return interventions, and support services while theywork and reside in destination countries. Labour agreements withdestination countries have to be (re-)negotiated, so as to facilitatecross-border movement, the collection and sharing of data, protectionand equal treatment with citizens of the host countries, and access to 5benefits, including social security benefits (via formalised socialsecurity agreements). Measures should be introduced to encouragethe participation of the Lesotho diaspora in the socio-economicdevelopment of the country through an environment conducive for thetransfer of skills. Remittances could be harnessed for developmentthrough the creation of effective and accessible remittance channelsand dedicated financial products/saving instruments. In order to ensurethe retention of critical skills, it is necessary to create a framework fordeveloping and retaining skills in critical areas of shortage, with thesupport and involvement of the Lesotho diaspora and skilledimmigrants. Unique opportunities for the employment of surplus humancapacity of skills should be created, also via dedicated bilateralagreements.The Policy suggests measures to address the context and needs ofinformal cross-border traders and enhance the developmentaloutcomes of their economic activity. The health of migrants and theirdependants should be promoted through a Migration Health Policyframework. Also, context- and gender-sensitive protection should beextended to women who migrate or are affected by migration. There isneed to adopt a framework for managing irregular migration to facilitatesafe and regular migration and curb irregular migration, as well asaddress the underlying reasons informing irregular migration, inparticular through interventions aimed at employment creation withinLesotho and in cross-border initiatives, such as cross-border industrial,cooperative and market zones. Furthermore, a dedicated policyframework is required, which indicates group-specific and contextsensitiveresponses in relation to various internal migration streams: (i)rural-urban migration – including women who have migrated to urbanareas to take up employment in the garment industry; (ii) child mobilitywithin Lesotho and across borders; and (iii) households thatcompulsorily have had to migrate as a result of major developmentprojects.

AB - The case for developing policy that focuses on harnessing migration forthe development of Lesotho is not only grounded in international andregional instruments and comparative experience, but has also been amajor theme in the Lesotho policy domain, and enjoys the support andcommitment of the Lesotho Government, as is reflected in a range ofkey Lesotho policy documents, including Lesotho's National Vision2020 and the National Strategic Development Plan 2012/13 – 2016/17.The Lesotho National Migration and Development Policy stresses theimportance of aligning migration-related policy, legislative andinstitutional interventions to achieve developmental outcomes withinternational and regional standards and comparative benchmarks. Italso points to the need to designate a governmental institution whichwould drive the implementation of the new policy on migration anddevelopment, as well as strengthened and expanded consultativestructures, and to develop an effective data management system.Building on the envisaged e-passport and e-border managementsystem, it is required to facilitate and strengthen the smooth movementof regular migration and to combat irregular movement throughenhanced systems, improved controls, stakeholder collaboration andcross-border cooperation. Policy frameworks need to be developed inareas such as disaster management, skills development, the creationof employment opportunities in Lesotho and in cross-border industrial,cooperative and market zones to be established, and the retention ofthe skilled labour force.Migrant workers from Lesotho should be supported through dedicatedpre-departure and return interventions, and support services while theywork and reside in destination countries. Labour agreements withdestination countries have to be (re-)negotiated, so as to facilitatecross-border movement, the collection and sharing of data, protectionand equal treatment with citizens of the host countries, and access to 5benefits, including social security benefits (via formalised socialsecurity agreements). Measures should be introduced to encouragethe participation of the Lesotho diaspora in the socio-economicdevelopment of the country through an environment conducive for thetransfer of skills. Remittances could be harnessed for developmentthrough the creation of effective and accessible remittance channelsand dedicated financial products/saving instruments. In order to ensurethe retention of critical skills, it is necessary to create a framework fordeveloping and retaining skills in critical areas of shortage, with thesupport and involvement of the Lesotho diaspora and skilledimmigrants. Unique opportunities for the employment of surplus humancapacity of skills should be created, also via dedicated bilateralagreements.The Policy suggests measures to address the context and needs ofinformal cross-border traders and enhance the developmentaloutcomes of their economic activity. The health of migrants and theirdependants should be promoted through a Migration Health Policyframework. Also, context- and gender-sensitive protection should beextended to women who migrate or are affected by migration. There isneed to adopt a framework for managing irregular migration to facilitatesafe and regular migration and curb irregular migration, as well asaddress the underlying reasons informing irregular migration, inparticular through interventions aimed at employment creation withinLesotho and in cross-border initiatives, such as cross-border industrial,cooperative and market zones. Furthermore, a dedicated policyframework is required, which indicates group-specific and contextsensitiveresponses in relation to various internal migration streams: (i)rural-urban migration – including women who have migrated to urbanareas to take up employment in the garment industry; (ii) child mobilitywithin Lesotho and across borders; and (iii) households thatcompulsorily have had to migrate as a result of major developmentprojects.

M3 - Other output

BT - Lesotho National Migration and Development Policy

PB - Intra-ACP Migration Facility

ER -

Olivier MP. Lesotho National Migration and Development Policy. Intra-ACP Migration Facility, 2013. 138 p.