This study examined the relationship between the level of personality similarity between leaders and subordinates (leader-member personality congruence) and the quality of their working relationship, also known as the Leader-Member Exchange Quality (LMX Quality). This relationship was examined overall as well as for specific personality dimensions and specific dimensions of LMX Quality (Work Contribution, Professional Respect, Loyalty, and Affect). It was argued that LMX Quality would be higher between leaders and subordinates who are more similar in personality - their overall personality and with respect to specific personality dimensions. The study also investigated the differential influence of leader-member personality congruence and leader-member personal values congruence on LMX Quality. It was hypothesised that leader-member personality congruence would have a significantly higher association than leader-member personal values congruence with LMX Quality. Data were collected from 202 employees, consisting of 101 leader-member pairs from both private and public sector organizations in Australia. Each participant completed a personality measure (NEO-FFI), a personal values measure (Short Schwartz Value Survey) and the Leader-Member Exchange Quality measure (LMX - MDM). The Analyses of Variance and Canonical Correlation Analyses revealed, as hypothesised, that the higher the overall level of personality similarity between leaders and subordinates the higher the level of LMX Quality and the overall professional relationship. Leader-member Neuroticism congruence, Conscientiousness congruence and Agreeableness personality congruence had the strongest association with LMX Quality, while leader-member congruence in terms of Extroversion, and Openness to Experience had non-significant associations with LMX Quality.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Publication status||Unpublished - 2009|