Lateral stress changes and shaft friction for model displacement piles in sand

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    The paper describes a series of tests performed in a drum centrifuge on instrumented model displacement piles in normally consolidated sand. These tests examined the influence of the pile installation method, the stress level, and the pile aspect ratio on the increase in lateral effective stress on the pile shaft during static load testing to failure. A parallel series of constant normal load and constant normal stiffness (CNS) laboratory interface shear experiments was performed to assist interpretation of the centrifuge tests. It is shown that although the cycling associated with pile installation results in a progressive reduction in the stationary horizontal effective stress acting on a pile shaft and densification of the sand in a shear band close to the pile shaft, this sand dilates strongly during subsequent shearing to failure in a static load test. The dilation (the amount of which depends on the cyclic history) is constrained by the surrounding soil and therefore leads to large increases in lateral effective stresses and hence to large increases in mobilized shaft friction. The increase in lateral stress is shown to be related to the radial stiffness of the soil mass constraining dilation of the shear band and to be consistent with measurements made in appropriate CNS interface shear tests. The paper's findings assist in the extrapolation of model-scale pile test results to full-scale conditions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1039-1052
    JournalCanadian Geotechnical Journal
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2005


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