A number of different lasers and delivery systems are currently used in experimental sclerostomy procedures. These are discussed with reference to their performance in terms of cutting accuracy and trauma to the adjacent tissues. Lasers emitting wavelengths close to the absorption peaks of water in the mid-infrared region and organic polymers in the far ultraviolet region have a short absorption pathlength in the sclera and produce the least adjacent thermal tissue trauma. These ablating lasers cannot be delivered gonioscopically, and contact endoscopic techniques trap hot expanding gases within the forming sclerostomy channel causing secondary thermal and mechanical damage. Optimal results should be obtained using an ablating laser delivered either through an open mask or a modified endoscopic system incorporating an adequate exhaust mechanism.
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
Allan, B. D. S., Van Saarloos, P. P., Cooper, R. L., & Constable, I. (1992). Laser microsclerostomy for primary open angle glaucoma: a review of laser mechanisms and delivery systems. Eye, 6(3), 257-266.