Landscape of transcription in human cells

Sarah Djebali, Carrie A. Davis, Angelika Merkel, Alex Dobin, Timo Lassmann, Ali Mortazavi, Andrea Tanzer, Julien Lagarde, Wei Lin, Felix Schlesinger, Chenghai Xue, Georgi K. Marinov, Jainab Khatun, Brian A. Williams, Chris Zaleski, Joel Rozowsky, Maik Röder, Felix Kokocinski, Rehab F. Abdelhamid, Tyler AliotoIgor Antoshechkin, Michael T. Baer, Nadav S. Bar, Philippe Batut, Kimberly Bell, Ian Bell, Sudipto Chakrabortty, Xian Chen, Jacqueline Chrast, Joao Curado, Thomas Derrien, Jorg Drenkow, Erica Dumais, Jacqueline Dumais, Radha Duttagupta, Emilie Falconnet, Meagan Fastuca, Kata Fejes-Toth, Pedro Ferreira, Sylvain Foissac, Melissa J. Fullwood, Hui Gao, David Gonzalez, Assaf Gordon, Harsha Gunawardena, Cedric Howald, Sonali Jha, Rory Johnson, Philipp Kapranov, Brandon King, Colin Kingswood, Oscar J. Luo, Eddie Park, Kimberly Persaud, Jonathan B. Preall, Paolo Ribeca, Brian Risk, Daniel Robyr, Michael Sammeth, Lorian Schaffer, Lei Hoon See, Atif Shahab, Jorgen Skancke, Ana Maria Suzuki, Hazuki Takahashi, Hagen Tilgner, Diane Trout, Nathalie Walters, Huaien Wang, John Wrobel, Yanbao Yu, Xiaoan Ruan, Yoshihide Hayashizaki, Jennifer Harrow, Mark Gerstein, Tim Hubbard, Alexandre Reymond, Stylianos E. Antonarakis, Gregory Hannon, Morgan C. Giddings, Yijun Ruan, Barbara Wold, Piero Carninci, Roderic Guig, Thomas R. Gingeras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4002 Citations (Scopus)


Eukaryotic cells make many types of primary and processed RNAs that are found either in specific subcellular compartments or throughout the cells. A complete catalogue of these RNAs is not yet available and their characteristic subcellular localizations are also poorly understood. Because RNA represents the direct output of the genetic information encoded by genomes and a significant proportion of a cellĝ€™s regulatory capabilities are focused on its synthesis, processing, transport, modification and translation, the generation of such a catalogue is crucial for understanding genome function. Here we report evidence that three-quarters of the human genome is capable of being transcribed, as well as observations about the range and levels of expression, localization, processing fates, regulatory regions and modifications of almost all currently annotated and thousands of previously unannotated RNAs. These observations, taken together, prompt a redefinition of the concept of a gene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
Issue number7414
Publication statusPublished - 6 Sept 2012
Externally publishedYes


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