Land Reclamation and Remediation, Principles and Practice

D. L. Jones, E. C. Rowe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Anthropogenic activity has resulted in the degradation of nearly a billion hectares of land globally either as a result of agricultural or industrial activities. This is causing the decline in many ecosystem services worldwide and is now threatening livelihoods and resulting in socioeconomic instability. Consequently, society needs to find cost-effective, socially-acceptable, and practical ways to remediate this land to restore ecosystem functioning. In this context, this article presents evidence to show how a diverse range of plants may be employed to promote ecosystem recovery. This typically involves the use of plants to remove or stabilize pollutants (e.g., heavy metals, organic chemicals, invasive weeds, microbiological contaminants) and improve various chemical, biological, and physical aspects of the soil. In addition, successful remediation relies on the correct choice of plants for the site and effective management during site restoration. Restoration schemes that are sustainable in the long term frequently use plants that both promote and accelerate natural succession processes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences
Subtitle of host publicationCrop Systems
PublisherElsevier
Pages304-310
Number of pages7
Volume3
Edition2
ISBN (Electronic)9780123948083
ISBN (Print)9780123948076
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Aug 2016

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