L-tyrosine supplementation does not ameliorate skeletal muscle dysfunction in zebrafish and mouse models of dominant skeletal muscle alpha-actin nemaline myopathy

Adriana M. Messineo, Charlotte Gineste, Tamar E. Sztal, Elyshia L. McNamara, Christophe Vilmen, Augustin C. Ogier, Dorothee Hahne, David Bendahan, Nigel G. Laing, Robert J. Bryson-Richardson, Julien Gondin, Kristen J. Nowak

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L-tyrosine supplementation may provide benefit to nemaline myopathy (NM) patients, however previous studies are inconclusive, with no elevation of L-tyrosine levels in blood or tissue reported. We evaluated the ability of L-tyrosine treatments to improve skeletal muscle function in all three published animal models of NM caused by dominant skeletal muscle alpha-actin (ACTA1) mutations. Highest safe L-tyrosine concentrations were determined for dosing water and feed of wildtype zebrafish and mice respectively. NM TgACTA1(D286G). eGFP zebrafish treated with 10 mu M L-tyrosine from 24 hours to 6 days post fertilization displayed no improvement in swimming distance. NM TgACTA1(D286G) mice consuming 2% L-tyrosine supplemented feed from preconception had significant elevations in free L-tyrosine levels in sera (57%) and quadriceps muscle (45%) when examined at 6-7 weeks old. However indicators of skeletal muscle integrity (voluntary exercise, bodyweight, rotarod performance) were not improved. Additionally no benefit on the mechanical properties, energy metabolism, or atrophy of skeletal muscles of 6-7 month old TgACTA1(D286G) and KlActa/(H40Y) mice eventuated from consuming a 2% L-tyrosine supplemented diet for 4 weeks. Therefore this study yields important information on aspects of the clinical utility of L-tyrosine for ACTA1 NM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11490
Number of pages12
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2018

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