Knowledge, awareness and practice regarding familial hypercholesterolaemia among primary care physicians in Malaysia: The importance of professional training

Ahmad Baihaqi Azraii, Anis Safura Ramli, Zaliha Ismail, Suraya Abdul-Razak, Noor Alicezah Mohd-Kasim, Norsiah Ali, Gerald F. Watts, Hapizah Nawawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims: This study aimed to determine knowledge, awareness and practice (KAP) regarding familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) among Malaysian primary care physicians (PCP), and to compare KAP between PCP with postgraduate qualification (PCP-PG-Qual) and PCP without PG qualification (PCP-noPG-Qual). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving PCP with ≥1-year working experience in Malaysian primary care settings. An adapted and validated 25-item FH-KAP questionnaire was disseminated during primary care courses. Total score for each domain was calculated by summing-up the correct responses, converted into percentage scores. Normality distribution was examined and comparisons of mean/median percentage scores were made between the two groups of PCP. Results: A total of 372 PCP completed the questionnaire. Regarding knowledge, 77.7% correctly defined FH. However, only 8.3% correctly identified coronary artery disease risk in untreated FH. The mean percentage knowledge score was significantly higher in PCP-PG-Qual compared to PCP-noPG-Qual (48.9, SD ± 13.92 vs. 35.2, SD ± 14.13), t(370) = 8.66, p < 0.001. Regarding awareness, 39% were aware of the NICE FH guideline and only 27.2% were aware of FH diagnostic criteria. The median percentage awareness score was significantly higher in PCP-PG-Qual compared to PCP-noPG-Qual (15.4, IqR ± 23.08 vs. 7.7, IqR ± 11.54), p = 0.013. Regarding practice, only 19.1% stratified FH patients as high risk irrespective of other risk factors. The mean percentage practice score was significantly higher in PCP-PG-Qual compared to PCP-noPG-Qual (52.4, SD ± 12.92 vs. 42.7, SD ± 16.63), t(370) = 9.65, p < 0.001. Conclusions: Substantial gaps in FH-KAP among Malaysian PCP were identified, with PCP-PG-Qual having better knowledge, awareness and practice than PCP-noPG-Qual, emphasising the importance of professional training and certification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)508-516
Number of pages9
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume277
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

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