Kisspeptin impacts on circadian and ultradian rhythms of core body temperature: Evidence in kisspeptin receptor knockout and kisspeptin knockdown mice

Georgia S. Kavanagh, Jason Tadi, Sydney M. Balkenhol, Alexander S. Kauffman, Shane K. Maloney, Jeremy T. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Kisspeptin is vital for the regulation of both fertility and metabolism. Kisspeptin receptor (Kiss1r) knockout (KO) mice exhibit increased adiposity and reduced energy expenditure in adulthood. Kiss1r mRNA is expressed in brown adipose tissue (BAT) and Kiss1r KO mice exhibit reduced Ucp1 mRNA in BAT and impaired thermogenesis. We hypothesised that mice with diminished kisspeptin signalling would exhibit reduced core body temperature (Tc) and altered dynamics of circadian and ultradian rhythms of Tc. Tc was recorded every 15-min over 14-days in gonadectomised wild-type (WT), Kiss1r KO, and also Kiss1-Cre (95% reduction in Kiss1 transcription) mice. Female Kiss1r KOs had higher adiposity and lower Ucp1 mRNA in BAT than WTs. No change was detected in Kiss1-Cre mice. Mean Tc during the dark phase was lower in female Kiss1r KOs versus WTs, but not Kiss1-Cre mice. Female Kiss1r KOs had a lower mesor and amplitude of the circadian rhythm of Tc than did WTs. In WT mice, there were more episodic ultradian events (EUEs) of Tc during the dark phase than the light phase, but this measure was similar between dark and light phases in Kiss1r KO and Kiss1-Cre mice. The amplitude of EUEs was higher in the dark phase in female Kiss1r KO and male Kiss1-Cre mice. Given the lack of clear metabolic phenotype in Kiss1-Cre mice, 5% of Kiss1 transcription may be sufficient for proper metabolic control, as was shown for fertility. Moreover, the observed alterations in Tc suggest that kisspeptin has a role in circadian and ultradian rhythm-driven pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111530
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume542
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2022

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