Kinin B1 receptor activation turns on exocytosis of matrix metalloprotease-9 and myeloperoxidase in human neutrophils : involement of mitogen-activated protein kinase family

P. Ehrenfeld, C.E. Matus, F. Pavicic, C. Toledo, F. Nualart, C.B. Gonzalez, R.A. Burgos, Kanti Bhoola, C.D. Figueroa

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    51 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    During neutrophil activation and degranulation, MMP-9 and MPO are released into the extracellular space to propagate inflammatory disorders. As kinin peptides are major participants in acute inflammatory responses, and the G-protein-coupled B1R mediates the chemotaxis of human neutrophils, we examined the release of the neutrophil enzymes MMP-9 and MPO by the B1R agonist LDBK and determined the signaling pathways that may regulate this cellular effect. Cytochalasin-treated and -untreated neutrophils were suspended in HBSS and stimulated with a range concentration of LDBK for 5 min. Zymography and Western blotting revealed that LDBK induced the release of MMP-9 and MPO. The use of specific signaling transduction inhibitors showed that release of MMP-9 depended on ERK1/2 and p38 MAPKs, whereas release of MPO involved only the p38 cascade. Inhibition of the key steps in these pathways showed that the release of both enzymes depended on PKC and PI3K. Stimulation of neutrophils with LDBK produced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK, which was inhibited by B1R antagonists. The phosphorylated ERK1/2 MAPK translocated to the neutrophil nucleus, suggesting that transcription of new genes may follow activation of B1R. Our results demonstrate that in human neutrophils, activation of kinin B1R by LDBK initiates separate signaling cascades that trigger the release of MMP-9 and MPO from tertiary and primary granules, respectively, suggesting that the B1R plays a pivotal role in inflammatory disorders.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1179-1189
    JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
    Volume86
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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