Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) is unusual in being the only organism thus far identified as having two genes for pyruvate carboxylase. The expression of the two isozymes Pyc1 and Pyc2 appears to be differentially regulated, and since both are expressed cytoplasmically, this suggests that they have different properties. To the present, little has been done to characterize these isozymes, and almost all of the published kinetic information on yeast pyruvate carboxylase comes from measurements of enzyme prepared from bakers' yeast which is likely to be a mixture of both isozymes. Here we have measured basic kinetic parameters for Pyc1 and found that the K-a of this isozyme for acetyl CoA is in the order of 8-10-fold higher than previously recorded, suggesting that Pyc1 and Pyc2 may be differentially regulated by this effector. Pyc1 is highly dependent on the presence of acetyl CoA for activity and in this respect is similar to chicken liver pyruvate carboxylase. However, unlike the chicken liver enzyme, the quaternary structure of the enzyme is quite stable in the absence of acetyl CoA, and the major locus of action of this effector appears to lie outside of the stimulation of the biotin carboxylation reaction.