Killing sharks: The media's role in public and political response to fatal human-shark interactions

Christine Mccagh, Joanne Sneddon, Dominique Blache

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. In 2013-14 the Western Australian Government deployed drum lines to catch and kill sharks perceived to be a threat to public safety. This policy decision sparked considerable controversy and debate which played out in the media. There have been limited studies examining the role of media discourses in the development of shark management policies. This study shows that media reporting reflected the unidirectional correlation between the public and policy makers; while there appeared to be a correlation between public pressure and the decision to deploy drum lines, there was no association between the culling program and public support. The reflective role the media played in the drum line debate was evident in their use of prescriptive and emotive language about human-shark incidents, and the use of two opposing frames; anthropocentric and conservation. Combined, these results suggest that the public policy makers need to rethink their approach to developing shark hazard mitigation programs through ongoing, meaningful engagement with the general public, scientists and stake holders, if they wish to garner public support.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-278
JournalMarine Policy
Volume62
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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media role
shark
sharks
Sciaenidae
public support
interaction
public safety
culling (animals)
public policy
incident
conservation
culling
threat
public
Interaction
discourse
language
management
mitigation
hazard

Cite this

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abstract = "{\circledC} 2015 Elsevier Ltd. In 2013-14 the Western Australian Government deployed drum lines to catch and kill sharks perceived to be a threat to public safety. This policy decision sparked considerable controversy and debate which played out in the media. There have been limited studies examining the role of media discourses in the development of shark management policies. This study shows that media reporting reflected the unidirectional correlation between the public and policy makers; while there appeared to be a correlation between public pressure and the decision to deploy drum lines, there was no association between the culling program and public support. The reflective role the media played in the drum line debate was evident in their use of prescriptive and emotive language about human-shark incidents, and the use of two opposing frames; anthropocentric and conservation. Combined, these results suggest that the public policy makers need to rethink their approach to developing shark hazard mitigation programs through ongoing, meaningful engagement with the general public, scientists and stake holders, if they wish to garner public support.",
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Killing sharks: The media's role in public and political response to fatal human-shark interactions. / Mccagh, Christine; Sneddon, Joanne; Blache, Dominique.

In: Marine Policy, Vol. 62, 2015, p. 271-278.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Blache, Dominique

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AB - © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. In 2013-14 the Western Australian Government deployed drum lines to catch and kill sharks perceived to be a threat to public safety. This policy decision sparked considerable controversy and debate which played out in the media. There have been limited studies examining the role of media discourses in the development of shark management policies. This study shows that media reporting reflected the unidirectional correlation between the public and policy makers; while there appeared to be a correlation between public pressure and the decision to deploy drum lines, there was no association between the culling program and public support. The reflective role the media played in the drum line debate was evident in their use of prescriptive and emotive language about human-shark incidents, and the use of two opposing frames; anthropocentric and conservation. Combined, these results suggest that the public policy makers need to rethink their approach to developing shark hazard mitigation programs through ongoing, meaningful engagement with the general public, scientists and stake holders, if they wish to garner public support.

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