Iterative deep learning for image set based face and object recognition

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    71 Citations (Scopus)


    We present a novel technique for image set based face/object recognition, where each gallery and query example contains a face/object image set captured from different viewpoints, background, facial expressions, resolution and illumination levels. While several image set classification approaches have been proposed in recent years, most of them represent each image set as a single linear subspace, mixture of linear subspaces or Lie group of Riemannian manifold. These techniques make prior assumptions in regards to the specific category of the geometric surface on which images of the set are believed to lie. This could result in a loss of discriminative information for classification. This paper alleviates these limitations by proposing an Iterative Deep Learning Model (IDLM) that automatically and hierarchically learns discriminative representations from raw face and object images. In the proposed approach, low level translationally invariant features are learnt by the Pooled Convolutional Layer (PCL). The latter is followed by Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) applied iteratively in a hierarchical fashion to learn a discriminative non-linear feature representation of the input image sets. The proposed technique was extensively evaluated for the task of image set based face and object recognition on YouTube Celebrities, Honda/UCSD, CMU Mobo and ETH-80 (object) dataset, respectively. Experimental results and comparisons with state-of-the-art methods show that our technique achieves the best performance on all these datasets.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)866-874
    Number of pages9
    Issue numberPart B
    Early online date22 Oct 2015
    Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2016


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