Is unintended birth associated with physical intimate partner violence? Evidence from India

Srinivas Goli, Abhishek Gautam, Md Juel Rana, Harchand Ram, Dibyasree Ganguly, Tamal Reja, Priya Nanda, Nitin Datta, Ravi Verma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A growing number of studies have tested the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) and the unintendedness of pregnancy or birth, and most have suggested that unintendedness of pregnancy is a cause of IPV. However, about nine in every ten women face violence after delivering their first baby. This study examined the effects of the intendedness of births on physical IPV using data from the National Family Health Survey (2015-16). The multivariate logistic regression model analysis found that, compared with women with no unwanted births (2.9%), physical IPV was higher among those women who had unwanted births (6.9%, p<0.001), followed by those who had mistimed births (4.4 %, p<0.001), even after adjusting for several women's individual and socioeconomic characteristics. Thus, the reduction of women with mistimed and unwanted births could reduce physical IPV in India. The study highlights the unfinished agenda of family planning in the country and argues for the need to integrate family planning and Reproductive, Maternal and Child Health Care (RMNCH) services to yield multi-sectoral outcomes, including the elimination of IPV.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Biosocial Science
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Jan 2020

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India
Unwanted Children
Parturition
violence
evidence
Family Planning Services
family planning
Logistic Models
pregnancy
Pregnancy
Family Health
Reproductive Health
Child Care
Health Surveys
Violence
model analysis
health care services
Intimate Partner Violence
Physical Abuse
baby

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Goli, Srinivas ; Gautam, Abhishek ; Rana, Md Juel ; Ram, Harchand ; Ganguly, Dibyasree ; Reja, Tamal ; Nanda, Priya ; Datta, Nitin ; Verma, Ravi. / Is unintended birth associated with physical intimate partner violence? Evidence from India. In: Journal of Biosocial Science. 2020.
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abstract = "A growing number of studies have tested the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) and the unintendedness of pregnancy or birth, and most have suggested that unintendedness of pregnancy is a cause of IPV. However, about nine in every ten women face violence after delivering their first baby. This study examined the effects of the intendedness of births on physical IPV using data from the National Family Health Survey (2015-16). The multivariate logistic regression model analysis found that, compared with women with no unwanted births (2.9{\%}), physical IPV was higher among those women who had unwanted births (6.9{\%}, p<0.001), followed by those who had mistimed births (4.4 {\%}, p<0.001), even after adjusting for several women's individual and socioeconomic characteristics. Thus, the reduction of women with mistimed and unwanted births could reduce physical IPV in India. The study highlights the unfinished agenda of family planning in the country and argues for the need to integrate family planning and Reproductive, Maternal and Child Health Care (RMNCH) services to yield multi-sectoral outcomes, including the elimination of IPV.",
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Is unintended birth associated with physical intimate partner violence? Evidence from India. / Goli, Srinivas; Gautam, Abhishek; Rana, Md Juel; Ram, Harchand; Ganguly, Dibyasree; Reja, Tamal; Nanda, Priya; Datta, Nitin; Verma, Ravi.

In: Journal of Biosocial Science, 06.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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