Is sleep captured during a standard daytime EEG sufficient to diagnose Electrical Status Epilepticus in Sleep

Snehal Shah, Soumya Ghosh, Lakshmi Nagarajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrical Status epilepticus of sleep (SES) is an EEG pattern where there is significant activation of epileptiform activity in NREM sleep. A spike wave index (SWI) of > 80–85% is often labelled as typical SES. We aimed to explore if sleep during a standard daytime-EEG, as compared an overnight-EEG, was adequate to diagnose ESES. Ten children with daytime and overnight studies suggestive of SES were audited. SWI and Spike Wave Density (SWD) were calculated for 5-minute epochs of wake in the daytime and overnight study, as well daytime-EEG sleep and first and last NREM cycle in the overnight-EEG. SWI in daytime NREM was not significantly different from SWI in the first sleep cycle of the overnight study. SWI in the last sleep cycle was significantly lower than the first sleep cycle in the overnight-EEG. SWD was significantly higher in the first sleep cycle in the overnight-EEG than the daytime sleep and the last NREM cycle. SES may be diagnosed in NREM sleep from a daytime-EEG study. Larger studies are needed to explore the significance of the disparity between SWI and SWD in the first and last NREM cycles in the overnight study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100611
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior Reports
Volume23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

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