Oral dysaesthesia is a condition characterised by persistent alteration to oral sensation, perceived by the patient to be abnormal and unpleasant, in the absence of mucosal pathology. Its aetiology remains uncertain. The condition was attributed as a psychosomatic disease for much of the 20th century, but with newer technologies, recent literature has mostly focused on a possible peripheral or central neuropathic aetiology to oral dysaesthesia. Despite this, psychotropic medications and psychological treatments remain forefront in the armamentarium for the management of oral dysaesthesia. This article aims to review the literature surrounding the pathogenesis of oral dysaesthesia and explore whether oral dysaesthesia is a somatic symptom disorder.