iPSC-Derived Glioblastoma Cells Have Enhanced Stemness Wnt/β-Catenin Activity Which Is Negatively Regulated by Wnt Antagonist sFRP4

Ishmat Ara Yasmin, Arun Dharmarajan, Sudha Warrier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Growing evidence indicates that cancer stem cells (CSCs) endow the tumor with stem-like properties. Recently, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have gained increased attention because of their easy derivation and availability and their potential to differentiate into any cell type. A CSC model derived from iPSCs of human origin would help understand the driving force of tumor initiation and early progression. We report the efficient generation of feeder-free SSEA4, TRA-1-60 and TRA-1-81 positive iPSCs from amniotic membrane-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMMSCs), which successfully differentiated into three germ layers. We then developed human iPSC-derived glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) model using conditioned media (CM) from U87MG cell line and CSCs derived from U87MG, which confer iPSCs with GBM and GSC-like phenotypes within five days. Both cell types overexpress MGMT and GLI2, but only GSCs overexpress CD133, CD44, ABCG2 and ABCC2. We also observed overexpression of LEF1 and β-catenin in both cell types. Down-regulation of Wnt antagonist secreted frizzled-related protein 4 (sFRP4) in GBM and GSCs, indicating activation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, which could be involved in the conversion of iPSCs to CSCs. From future perspectives, our study will help in the creation of a rapid cell-based platform for understanding the complexity of GBM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3622
JournalCancers
Volume15
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

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