Investigation of nanoscale electrohydrodynamic transport phenomena in charged porous materials

Peter Pivonka, David Smith

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    13 Citations (Scopus)


    Depending on the permeability of porous materials, different mass transport mechanisms have to be distinguished. Whereas mass transport through porous media characterized by low permeabilities is governed by diffusion, mass transport through highly permeable materials is governed by advection. Additionally a large number of porous materials are characterized by the presence of surface charge which affects the permeability of the porous medium. Depending on the ion transport mechanism various phenomena such as co-ion exclusion, development of diffusion-exclusion potentials, and streaming potentials may be encountered. Whereas these various phenomena are commonly described by means of different transport models, a unified description of these phenomena can be made within the framework of electrohydrodynamics.In this paper the fundamental equations describing nanoscale multi-ion transport are given. These equations comprise the generalized Nernst-Planck equation, Gauss' theorem of electrostatics, and the Navier-Stokes equation. Various phenomena such as the development of exclusion potentials, diffusion-exclusion potentials, and streaming potentials are investigated by means of finite element analyses. Furthermore, the influence of the surface charge on permeability and ion transport are studied in detail for transient and steady-state problems. The nanoscale findings provide insight into events observed at larger scales in charged porous materials. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1975-1990
    JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering
    Issue number14
    Publication statusPublished - 2005


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