Invasive infections due to filamentous fungi other than Aspergillus: Epidemiology and determinants of mortality

M. Slavin, S. Van Hal, T.C. Sorrell, A. Lee, D.J. Marriott, K. Daveson, K. Kennedy, K. Hajkowicz, C. Halliday, E. Athan, N. Bak, E. Cheong, Christopher Heath, C. Orla Morrissey, S. Kidd, R. Beresford, Christopher Blyth, T.M. Korman, J. Owen Robinson, W. MeyerS.C.A. Chen, J. Clark, J. Mccormack, D. Looke, E.G. Playford, T. Gottlieb, B. Mcmullan, M. Ananda-Rajah, N. Macesic, K. Thursky, I. Arthur, A. Morris, S. Chambers

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    103 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2015 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. The epidemiology of invasive fungal disease (IFD) due to filamentous fungi other than Aspergillus may be changing. We analysed clinical, microbiological and outcome data in Australian patients to determine the predisposing factors and identify determinants of mortality. Proven and probable non- Aspergillus mould infections (defined according to modified European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Mycoses Study Group criteria) from 2004 to 2012 were evaluated in a multicentre study. Variables associated with infection and mortality were determined. Of 162 episodes of non- Aspergillus IFD, 145 (89.5%) were proven infections and 17 (10.5%) were probable infections. The pathogens included 29 fungal species/species complexes; mucormycetes (45.7%) and Scedosporium species (33.3%) were most common. The commonest comorbidities were haematological malignancies (HMs) (46.3%) diabetes mellitus (23.5%), and chronic pulmonary disease (16%); antecedent trauma was present in 21% of cases. Twenty-five (15.4%) patients had no immunocompromised status or comorbidity, and were more likely to have acquired infection following major trauma (p
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)490.e1-490.e10
    JournalClinical Microbiology and Infection
    Volume21
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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