Intraocular lens dystrophic calcification after trans-scleral diode laser treatment for a cyclodialysis cleft

Anmar Abdul-Rahman, Philip House, Josephine Richards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To describe a case of intraocular lens (IOL) dystrophic calcification as a complication of trans-scleral diode laser successfully used to treat a post-trabeculectomy cyclodialysis cleft. Observations: A 76-year-old male with primary open angle glaucoma and pseudophakia (+19.0D Akreos M160L, Bausch & Lomb) was evaluated for vision impairment 4 months post-trabeculectomy complicated by a cyclodialysis cleft of his right eye. The patient was successfully treated with trans-scleral diode laser. After this treatment IOL opacification developed. Slit lamp examination and color photography of the anterior segment was performed prior to exchange of the opacified IOL. The explanted IOL underwent star testing, macroscopic imaging, phase contrast and scanning electron microscopy in addition to energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. Confluent IOL deposits developed 4 months after trans-scleral diode laser treatment requiring IOL exchange. Star optical testing of the explanted IOL showed disruption of the diffraction image. An asymmetric pattern of deposition was congruent with the laser treatment quadrant. The subsurface location and discrete nature of the deposits were seen on phase contrast and electron microscopy. Energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy demonstrated a predominance of calcium/phosphate in the deposits. We are unaware of previous reports in the literature of IOL dystrophic calcification occurring as a complication of trans-scleral diode laser treatment for a post-trabeculectomy cyclodialysis cleft. Conclusion and importance: Delayed postoperative IOL dystrophic calcification in our case may have been from a combination of IOL biomaterial susceptibility to diode laser energy; damaged IOL material providing a nidus for calcific nucleation; and blood ocular barrier breakdown altering aqueous composition. We suggest that pseudophakia should influence the consideration of diode laser as treatment of a cyclodialysis cleft.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-83
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

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