Intra- and intermolecular Topological Properties of Amino Acids: A Comparative Study of Experimental and Theoretical Results

R. Flaig, T. Koritsanszky, B. Dittrich, A. Wagner, P. Luger

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    124 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The charge densities rho(r) of the six amino acids L-Asn(.)H(2)O, DL-Glu(.)H(2)O, DL-Lys(.)HCl, DL-Pro(.)H(2)O, DL-Ser, and DL-Val were determined from high-resolution X-ray diffraction experiments at 100 K using synchrotron radiation and area detection (CCD) techniques. Bond topological parameters derived from these densities and from those of six additional amino acids published earlier are compared to each other and to the results of ab initio calculations. Experimental and theoretical properties for each chemically equivalent bond are in a fair agreement, and their variances are of similar magnitude. A noticeable collier is the positive curvature of the density at the bond critical point, for which no correlation between the experimental and theoretical values can be established. The location of nonbonded valence shell charge concentrations derived from the crystalline densities scatter in a wider range than those obtained for the isolated molecules.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3407-3417
    JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
    Volume124
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

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