© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. This article reviews the international literature and cross-disciplinary empirical work on the issue of international teacher mobility and migration. The aim of the article is to offer a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of the research on internationally mobile educational professionals. The study reviewed over 120 documents published on the issue within the last fifteen years in English and German. The review focuses on three broad aspects: The first section reviews documents concerning the recent increase in international mobility and migration of educational professionals. The second part synthesises research addressing the lived experiences of migrant teachers during their transition into a new context. The final section of the article provides insights into current debates about the impact of migrant teachers on education systems in receiving countries. The review closes by identifying gaps in the current research base and by suggesting areas for inquiry that have not been addressed and warrant further research.