Interactions Between Donor Age and 12-Month Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate on Allograft and Patient Outcomes After Kidney Transplantation

Wai H. Lim, Esther Ooi, Helen L. Pilmore, David W. Johnson, Stephen P. McDonald, Philip Clayton, Carmel Hawley, William R. Mulley, Ross Francis, Michael G. Collins, Bryon Jaques, Nicholas G. Larkins, Christopher E. Davies, Kate Wyburn, Steve J. Chadban, Germaine Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 12-months after kidney transplantation is associated with increased risk of allograft loss, but it is uncertain whether donor age and types modify this relationship. Using Australia and New Zealand registry data, multivariable Cox proportional modelling was used to examine the interactive effects between donor age, types and 12-month eGFR on overall allograft loss. We included 11,095 recipients (4,423 received live-donors). Recipients with lowest 12-month eGFR (<30 ml/min/1.73 m2) experienced the greatest risk of allograft loss, with adjusted HR [95% CI) of 2.65 [2.38–2.95] compared to eGFR of 30–60 ml/min/1.73 m2; whereas the adjusted HR for highest eGFR (>60 ml/min/1.73 m2) was 0.67 [0.62–0.74]. The association of 12-month eGFR and allograft loss was modified by donor age (but not donor types) where a higher risk of allograft loss in recipients with lower compared with higher 12-month eGFR being most pronounced in the younger donor age groups (p < 0.01). Recipients with eGFR <30 ml/min/1.73 m2 12-months after transplantation experienced ≥2.5-fold increased risk of overall allograft loss compared to those with eGFR of >60 ml/min/1.73 m2, and the magnitude of the increased risk is most marked among recipients with younger donors. Careful deliberation of other factors including donor age when considering eGFR as a surrogate for clinical endpoints is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10199
JournalTransplant International
Volume36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2022

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