Inter-relationships between proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9, apolipoprotein C-III and plasma apolipoprotein B-48 transport in obese subjects: a stable isotope study in the postprandial state

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    Abstract

    Postprandial lipaemia, due to elevated plasma apolipoprotein (apo) B-48 concentrations, contributes to increased cardiovascular (CV) risk in obesity. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) and apoC-III may play a role in regulating triacylglycerol-rich lipoprotein (TRL)-apoB-48 metabolism. We investigated the associations between plasma PCSK9 and apoC-III concentrations and the kinetics of apoB-48 in obese subjects. Seventeen obese subjects were given an oral fat load. ApoB-48 tracer/tracee ratios were measured after an intravenous 2H3-leucine administration using GC-MS. Kinetic parameters, including secretion and fractional catabolic rates (FCRs), were derived using a multi-compartmental model. Plasma PCSK9 and apoC-III concentrations were significantly and positively (P0.05 in all) with basal secretion or the number of TRL-apoB-48 secreted over the postprandial period. In the stepwise regression analysis, plasma PCSK9 was the best predictor of the total and incremental AUCs for plasma apoB-48 and the FCR of TRL-apoB-48. The association between plasma PCSK9 and apoC-III and TRL-apoB-48 FCR remained significant (P
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)379-385
    JournalClinical Science
    Volume128
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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