Intensive care unit capacity and mortality in older adults: a three nations retrospective observational cohort study

Ran Abuhasira, Matthew Anstey, Victor Novack, Somnath Bose, Daniel Talmor, Lior Fuchs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: Intensive care unit (ICU) admissions among older adults are expected to increase, while the benefit remains uncertain. The availability of ICU beds varies between hospitals and between countries and is an important factor in the decision to admit older adults in the ICU. We aimed to assess if a non-restrictive approach to ICU older adults admission is associated with a corresponding change in survival. Methods: Retrospective cohort study that included patients ≥ 80 years who were admitted to each of the three participating hospitals in Australia, Israel, and the United States (USA), between the years 2006–2015, each with distinct ICU capacities and admission criteria. The primary outcomes were in-hospital mortality and all-cause mortality at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months following index hospitalization. Results: The cohort included 62,866 patients with a mean age of 85.9 ± 4.6 years and 58.8% were women. The ICU admission rates were 22.5%, 2.6% and 2.3% in USA, Australia, and Israel, respectively. We constructed a model for ICU admissions based on the USA cohort (highest availability of ICU beds) and then calculated the expected probabilities for the Israeli and Australian cohorts. For the patients in the highest quintile of the admission model, actual ICU admission rates were 67.6% in USA, 22.1% in Australia and 6.0% in Israel. Of these, in-hospital death rates were 52.3% in Israel, 29.8% in Australia, and 22.1% in USA. Two years after hospital discharge, the survival rates in the USA and Australia were 53%, while in Israel 48%. Conclusion: ICU admission of adults ≥ 80 years is associated with increased in-hospital survival compared to ward admission, but survival rates 2 years later are similar.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20
JournalAnnals of Intensive Care
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

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