Integrated parallel 2D-Leap-Frog algorithm for noisy three image photometric stereo

Ryszard Kozera, Felicja Okulicka-Dłużewska, Lyle Noakes

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016. In this paper a feasible computational scheme for reconstructing a smooth Lambertian surface SL from noisy images is discussed. The noiseless case of Photometric Stereo relies on solving image irradiance equations. In fact, the entire shape recovery consists of gradient computation and gradient integration. The presence of added noise re-transforms the latter (depending on the adopted model) into a high dimensional linear or non-linear optimization, solvable e.g. by a 2D-Leap- Frog. This algorithm resorts to the overlapping local image snapshot optimizations to reduce a large dimension of the original optimization task. Several practical steps to improve the feasibility of 2D-Leap-Frog are integrated in this work. Namely, an initial guess is obtained from a linear version of denoising Photometric Stereo. A non-integrable vector field estimating the normals to SL is rectified first to yield an initial guess SLa ˜ SL for a non-linear 2D-Leap-Frog. Computationally, the integrability of non-integrable normals is enforced here by Conjugate Gradient which avoids numerous inversions of the large size matrices. In sequel, SLa is fed through to the adjusted version of non-linear 2D-Leap-Frog. Such setting not only improves the recovery of SL (from SLa ˜ SL to SLa ˜ SL) but also it removes potential outliers (upon enforcing a continuity on SLa ) occurring in the previous version of 2D-Leap-Frog. In addition, a speed-up of shape reconstruction is achieved with parallelization of non-linear 2D-Leap-Frog applied to the modified cost function. The experiments are performed on images with different resolutions and varying number of kernels. Finally, the comparison tests between standard 2D-Leap-Frog (either linear or non-linear) and its improved outlier-free version are presented illustrating differences in the quality of the reconstructed surface.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationImage and Video Technology – PSIVT 2015 Workshops
    EditorsF Huang, A Sugimoto
    PublisherSpringer-Verlag London Ltd.
    Number of pages15
    ISBN (Electronic)9783319302850
    ISBN (Print)9783319302843
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    Event7th Pacific-Rim Symposium on Image and Video Technology: PSIVT 2015 - Auckland, New Zealand
    Duration: 23 Nov 201527 Nov 2015

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
    ISSN (Print)0302-9743


    Conference7th Pacific-Rim Symposium on Image and Video Technology
    Abbreviated titlePSIVT 2015
    CountryNew Zealand

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