Projects per year
We study superpotentials from worldsheet instantons in heterotic Calabi-Yau compactifications for vector bundles constructed from line bundle sums, monads, and extensions. Within a certain class of manifolds and for certain second homology classes, we derive simple necessary conditions for a nonvanishing instanton superpotential. These show that nonvanishing instanton superpotentials are rare and require a specific pattern for the bundle construction. For the class of monad and extension bundles with this pattern, we derive a sufficient criterion for nonvanishing instanton superpotentials based on an affine Hilbert function. This criterion shows that a nonzero instanton superpotential is common within this class. The criterion can be checked using commutative algebra methods only and depends on the topological data defining the Calabi-Yau X and the vector bundle V.