Inoculation of wheat with Bacillus sp. wp-6 altered amino acid and flavonoid metabolism and promoted plant growth

Yaguang Zhao, Fenghua Zhang, Bede Mickan, Dan Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Key message Inoculation of wheat seedling with Bacillus sp. wp-6 changed amino acid metabolism and flavonoid synthesis and promoted plant growth. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), which can reduce the use of agrochemicals, is vital for the development of sustainable agriculture. In this study, proteomics and metabolomics analyses were performed to investigate the effects of inoculation with a PGPR, Bacillus sp. wp-6, on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedling growth. The results showed that inoculation with Bacillus sp. wp-6 increased shoot and root fresh weights by 19% and 18%, respectively, after 40 days. The expression levels of alpha-linolenic acid metabolism-related proteins and metabolites (lipoxygenase 2, allene oxide synthase 2, jasmonic acid, 17-hydroxylinolenic acid) and flavonoid biosynthesis-related proteins and metabolites (chalcone synthase 2 and PHC 4 '-O-glucoside) were up-regulated. In addition, the expression levels of amino acid metabolism-related proteins (NADH-dependent glutamate synthase, bifunctional aspartokinase/homoserine, anthranilate synthase alpha subunit 1, and 3-phosphoshikimate 1-carboxyvinyltransferase) and metabolites (l-aspartate, l-arginine, and S-glutathionyl-l-cysteine) were also significantly up-regulated. Among them, NADH-dependent glutamate synthase and bifunctional aspartokinase/homoserine could act as regulators of nitrogen metabolism. Overall, inoculation of wheat with Bacillus sp. wp-6 altered alpha-linolenic acid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and flavonoid synthesis and promoted wheat seedling growth. This study will deepen our understanding of the mechanism by which Bacillus sp. wp-6 promotes wheat growth using proteomics and metabolomics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-179
Number of pages15
JournalPlant Cell Reports
Issue number1
Early online date8 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


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