Inhibitors of Prostaglandin Transport and Metabolism Augment Protease-Activated Receptor-2-Mediated Increases in Prostoglandin E2 Levels and Smooth Muscle Relaxation in Mouse Isolated Trachea

Peter Henry, A. D'Aprile, G. Self, T. Hong, Tracy Mann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stimulants of protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR(2)), such as Ser-Leu-Ile- Gly-Arg-Leu-NH2 (SLIGRL), cause airway smooth muscle relaxation via the release of the bronchodilatory prostanoid prostaglandin E-2 (PGE(2)). The principal aim of the current study was to determine whether compounds that inhibit PGE(2) reuptake by the prostaglandin transporter [bromocresol green and U46619 (9,11-dideoxy-9 alpha, 11 alpha-methanoepoxy PGF2 alpha) and PGE(2) metabolism by 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (thiazolidenedione compounds rosiglitazone and ciglitazone) significantly enhanced the capacity of SLIGRL to elevate PGE(2) levels and produce relaxation in isolated segments of upper and lower mouse trachea. SLIGRL produced concentration-dependent increases in PGE(2) levels and smooth muscle relaxation, although both effects were significantly greater in lower tracheal segments than in upper tracheal segments. SLIGRL-induced increases in PGE(2) levels were significantly enhanced in the presence of ciglitazone and rosiglitazone, and these effects were not inhibited by GW9662 (2-chloro-5-nitrobenzanilide), a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma antagonist. SLIGRL-induced relaxation responses were also significantly enhanced by ciglitazone and rosiglitazone, whereas responses to isoprenaline, a PGE(2)-independent smooth muscle relaxant, were unaltered. Ciglitazone and rosiglitazone alone produced concentration-dependent increases in PGE(2) levels and smooth muscle relaxation, and these responses were inhibited by indomethacin, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor. Bromocresol green, an inhibitor of prostaglandin transport, significantly enhanced SLIGRL-induced increases in PGE(2) levels and relaxation. Immunohistochemical staining for 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase was relatively intense over airway smooth muscle, as was staining for the prostaglandin transporter over both airway smooth muscle and epithelium. In summary, inhibitors of PGE(2) reuptake and metabolism significantly potentiate PAR(2)-mediated increases in PGE(2) levels and smooth muscle relaxation in murine-isolated airways.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)995-1001
JournalThe Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume314
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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