Influence of Target Location, Size, and Patient Age on Normal Tissue Sparing- Proton and Photon Therapy in Paediatric Brain Tumour Patient-Specific Approach

Mikaela Dell'Oro, Michala Short, Puthenparampil Wilson, Chia-Ho Hua, Melissa Gargone, Thomas Merchant, Eva Bezak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Proton radiotherapy produces superior dose distributions compared to photon radiotherapy, reducing side effects. Differences between the two modalities are not fully quantified in paediatric patients for various intracranial tumour sites or age. Understanding these differences may help clinicians estimate the benefit and improve referral across available centres. Our aim was to compare intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) and intensity-modulated photon radiotherapy (IMRT) radiation doses for select paediatric intracranial tumours.

Methods: IMPT and IMRT dose distributions for gender-matched paediatric cranial CT-datasets (ages 5, 9 and 13 years) were retrospectively calculated to simulate irradiation of supratentorial (ependymoma) and infratentorial (medulloblastoma) target volumes diameters (1-3 cm) and position (central and 1-2 cm shifts).

Results: Clinical dosimetric objectives were achieved for all 216 treatment plans. Whilst infratentorial IMPT plans achieved greater maximum dose sparing to optic structures (4.8-12.6 Gy optic chiasm), brainstem sparing was limited (~0.5 Gy). Mean dose difference for optic chiasm was associated with medulloblastoma target position (p < 0.0197). Supratentorial IMPT plans demonstrated greater dose reduction for the youngest patients (pituitary gland p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Normal tissue sparing was achieved regardless of patient age for infratentorial tumours. However, for supratentorial tumours, there was a dosimetric advantage of IMPT across 9 vs. 13-year-old patients.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2578
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

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