Influence of surrounding structures upon the aerodynamic and acoustic performance of the outdoor unit of a split air-conditioner

C. Wu, J. Liu, Jie Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

DC-inverter split air-conditioner is widely used in Chinese homes as a result of its high-efficiency and energy-saving. Recently, the researches on its outdoor unit have focused on the influence of surrounding structures upon the aerodynamic and acoustic performance, however they are only limited to the influence of a few parameters on the performance, and practical design of the unit requires more detailed parametric analysis. Three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and computational aerodynamic acoustics (CAA) simulation based on FLUENT solver is used to study the influence of surrounding structures upon the aforementioned properties of the unit. The flow rate and sound pressure level are predicted for different rotating speed, and agree well with the experimental results. The parametric influence of three main surrounding structures (i. e. the heat sink, the bell-mouth type shroud and the outlet grille) upon the aerodynamic performance of the unit is analyzed thoroughly. The results demonstrate that the tip vortex plays a major role in the flow fields near the blade tip and has a great effect on the flow field of the unit. The inlet ring's size and throat's depth of the bell-mouth type shroud, and the through-flow area and configuration of upwind and downwind sections of the outlet grille are the most important factors that affect the aerodynamic performance of the unit. Furthermore, two improved schemes against the existing prototype of the unit are developed, which both can significantly increase the flow rate more than 6% (i. e. 100 m3·h-1) at given rotating speeds. The inevitable increase of flow noise level when flow rate is increased and the advantage of keeping a lower rotating speed are also discussed. The presented work could be a useful guideline in designing the aerodynamic and acoustic performance of the split air-conditioner in engineering practice. © Chinese Mechanical Engineering Society and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)836-845
JournalChinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of surrounding structures upon the aerodynamic and acoustic performance of the outdoor unit of a split air-conditioner'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this