Influence of poly-L-ornithine-bile acid nano hydrogels on cellular bioactivity and potential pharmacological applications

Bozica Kovacevic, Melissa Jones, Susbin Raj Wagle, Corina Mihaela Ionescu, Thomas Foster, Maja Đanić, Momir Mikov, Armin Mooranian, Hani Al-Salami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim: Cellular bioactivity and pathophysiological changes associated with chronic disorders are considered pivotal detrimental factors when developing novel formulations for biomedical applications. Methods: This paper investigates the use of bile acids and synthetic polypeptide poly-L-ornithine (PLO) in formulations and their impacts on a variety of cell lines, with a particular focus on their cellular bioactivity. Results: The hepatic cell line was the most negatively affected by the presence of PLO, while the muscle and beta-pancreatic cell lines did not show as profound of a negative impact of PLO on cellular viability. PLO was the least disruptive regarding mitochondrial function for muscle and beta cells. Conclusion: The addition of bile acids generally decreased mitochondrial respiration and altered bioenergetic parameters in all cell lines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-510
Number of pages12
JournalTherapeutic Delivery
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023

Cite this