Influence of miosis and laser peripheral iridotomy on intraocular lens power calculation in patients with primary angle closure disease

Hongfang Yang, Dongjin Qian, Geoffrey Chan, Jiajian Wang, Xinghuai Sun, Yuhong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of miosis and laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) on intraocular lens (IOL) power prediction and ocular biometry in eyes with primary angle closure disease (PACD). Methods: In this prospective observational study, primary angle closure suspects (PACS), and subjects classified with primary angle closure (PAC)/primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) undergoing LPI were enrolled. Ocular biometric parameters were measured with IOLMaster700 at baseline (T0), one week after pilocarpine instillation (T1), and another week post LPI (T2). Biometric changes and the IOL power predicted for emmetropia using Barrett Universal II, Haigis, Holladay2, Hoffer Q and SRK/T formulae were analysed and compared among different time points. Results: 100 eyes of 50 PACS and 50 PAC/PACG patients were enrolled. Following pilocarpine-induced miosis, lens thickness (LT) increased and anterior chamber depth (ACD) decreased (all groups p < 0.01), while white-to-white diameter decreased and central corneal thickness increased significantly only in the PACS cohort (both p < 0.01). Compared to baseline, LPI induced an increase of ACD and a slight decrease of LT in PACS (both p < 0.01), whereas only axial length changed significantly (p = 0.012) in the PAC/PACG cohort. Regardless of the formula used, no significant difference to the predicted IOL power for emmetropia existed among the three time points in each group (all p > 0.1). Conclusion: We report the changes of anterior segment parameters induced by miosis and LPI in PACD. These interventions do not significantly affect the IOL power calculation predicted for emmetropia in Chinese eyes when common third-, fourth-and new generation IOL formulae are used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2744-2752
Number of pages9
JournalEye (Basingstoke)
Volume37
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

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