Induction kinetics of a conditional pH stress response system in Escherichia coli

Georg Fritz, Christiane Koller, Korinna Burdack, Larissa Tetsch, Ina Haneburger, Kirsten Jung, Ulrich Gerland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


The analysis of stress response systems in microorganisms can reveal molecular strategies for regulatory control and adaptation. In this study, we focused on the Cad module, a subsystem of Escherichia coli's response to acidic stress that is conditionally activated at low pH only when lysine is available. When expressed, the Cad system counteracts the elevated H(+) concentration by converting lysine to cadaverine under the consumption of H(+) and exporting cadaverine in exchange for external lysine. Surprisingly, the cad operon displays a transient response, even when the conditions for its induction persist. To quantitatively characterize the regulation of the Cad module, we experimentally recorded and theoretically modeled the dynamics of important system variables. We established a quantitative model that adequately describes and predicts the transient expression behavior for various initial conditions. Our quantitative analysis of the Cad system supports negative feedback by external cadaverine as the origin of the transient response. Furthermore, the analysis puts causal constraints on the precise mechanism of signal transduction via the regulatory protein CadC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-86
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes


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