Indomethacin Prophylaxis for Preterm Infants: The Impact of 2 Multicentered Randomized Controlled Trials on Clinical Practice

R.I. Clyman, S. Saha, Alan Jobe, W. Oh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    43 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    ObjectivesTwo multicenter randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in premature infants (Ment et al, 1994 and TIPP, 2001) found beneficial effects of indomethacin prophylaxis on the incidences of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), PDA ligation, and severe intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). The Ment trial recommended the use of indomethacin prophylaxis. The TIPP trial failed to find a benefit in its primary outcome (improved survival/neurodevelopmental outcome); this negative result may have discouraged indomethacin prophylaxis use.Study designWe used the National Institute of Child Health and Development’s Neonatal Network Registry to determine the association between the 2 trials and the use of indomethacin prophylaxis. We also statistically assessed the assumptions that led to the TIPP trial’s negative results.ResultsUse of indomethacin prophylaxis among network clinicians increased after publication of the Ment trial and decreased after the TIPP trial. Analysis of the TIPP trial showed that the primary outcome’s anticipated effect size (≥ 20%) was too large; a smaller effect size (<3%) would have been more appropriate based on the incidence of ICH in their population and its association with neurodevelopmental outcome.ConclusionsTwo multicenter RCTs were associated with changes in indomethacin prophylaxis. After the Ment trial, the use of indomethacin prophylaxis increased. After the TIPP trial, which reported negative results based on an excessively large anticipated effect size, its use decreased.Abbreviations: ICH, Intracranial hemorrhage; NICHD, National Institute of Child Health and Development; PDA, Patent ductus arteriosus; RCT, Randomized controlled trial; TIPP, Trial of Indomethacin Prophylaxis in Preterms
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)46-50
    JournalThe Journal of Pediatrics
    Volume150
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

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