Indocyanine Green-Glycogen Conjugates for Near-Infrared-Triggered Photothermal Cancer Therapy

Farbod Shirinichi, Chetna Karkera, Tarek Ibrahim, Hayat Khan, Tristan Clemons, Alireza G. Senejani, Hao Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Photothermal reagents sensitive to near-infrared (NIR) light are promising imaging agents and therapeutics for anticancer applications because of the deep tissue penetration of NIR light, allowing for spatiotemporal control over the therapeutic activity, with minimal damage to normal tissues. Herein, a new class of NIR-sensitive biopolymer-based nanoparticles is presented by covalently conjugating indocyanine green (ICG) onto the surface of naturally occurring glycogen nanoparticles. The resulting ICG-glycogen conjugates exhibit a markedly enhanced aqueous stability in comparison to free ICG molecules. Furthermore, an efficient light-to-heat conversion is enabled by ICG-glycogen conjugates, as evidenced by the elevated temperatures of their aqueous solutions upon exposure to NIR light. Critically, ICG-glycogen conjugates are capable of cell internalization, and under NIR irradiation the effective eradication of breast cancer cells, demonstrating their potential in photothermal therapy for cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2300327
Number of pages7
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Issue number24
Early online date28 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes


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